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Översiktsartikel2021Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Recent Large-Scale Genotyping and Phenotyping of Plant Genetic Resources of Vegetatively Propagated Crops

Nybom, Hilde; Lacis, Gunars

Sammanfattning

Several recent national and international projects have focused on large-scale genotyping of plant genetic resources in vegetatively propagated crops like fruit and berries, potatoes and woody ornamentals. The primary goal is usually to identify true-to-type plant material, detect possible synonyms, and investigate genetic diversity and relatedness among accessions. A secondary goal may be to create sustainable databases that can be utilized in research and breeding for several years ahead. Commonly applied DNA markers (like microsatellite DNA and SNPs) and next-generation sequencing each have their pros and cons for these purposes. Methods for large-scale phenotyping have lagged behind, which is unfortunate since many commercially important traits (yield, growth habit, storability, and disease resistance) are difficult to score. Nevertheless, the analysis of gene action and development of robust DNA markers depends on environmentally controlled screening of very large sets of plant material. Although more time-consuming, co-operative projects with broad-scale data collection are likely to produce more reliable results. In this review, we will describe some of the approaches taken in genotyping and/or phenotyping projects concerning a wide variety of vegetatively propagated crops.

Nyckelord

DNA marker; genetic diversity; GWAS; pedigree; plant breeding; SNP; SSR

Publicerad i

Plants
2021, Volym: 10, nummer: 2, artikelnummer: 415
Utgivare: MDPI

      SLU författare

      Associerade SLU-program

      SLU Nätverk växtskydd

      Globala målen

      Avskaffa hunger, uppnå tryggad livsmedelsförsörjning och förbättrad nutrition samt främja ett hållbart jordbruk

      UKÄ forskningsämne

      Jordbruksvetenskap

      Publikationens identifierare

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020415

      Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/111259