- Institutionen för ekologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
- Universite Paris-Est-Creteil-Val-de-Marne (UPEC)
Fourcade, Yoan; WallisDeVries, Michiel F.; Kuussaari, Mikko; van Swaay, Chris A. M.; Heliola, Janne; Ockinger, Erik
Habitat fragmentation may present a major impediment to species range shifts caused by climate change, but how it affects local community dynamics in a changing climate has so far not been adequately investigated empirically. Using long-term monitoring data of butterfly assemblages, we tested the effects of the amount and distribution of semi-natural habitat (SNH), moderated by species traits, on climate-driven species turnover. We found that spatially dispersed SNH favoured the colonisation of warm-adapted and mobile species. In contrast, extinction risk of cold-adapted species increased in dispersed (as opposed to aggregated) habitats and when the amount of SNH was low. Strengthening habitat networks by maintaining or creating stepping-stone patches could thus allow warm-adapted species to expand their range, while increasing the area of natural habitat and its spatial cohesion may be important to aid the local persistence of species threatened by a warming climate.
Butterflies; climate change; community dynamics; community temperature index; fragmentation; habitat amount; habitat configuration; semi‐natural habitat; species traits
2021, Volym: 24, nummer: 5, sidor: 950-957
SDG13 Climate action