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Forskningsartikel2021Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Projecting results of zoned multi-environment trials to new locations using environmental covariates with random coefficient models: accuracy and precision

Buntaran, Harimurti; Forkman, Johannes; Piepho, Hans-Peter


Key message We propose the utilisation of environmental covariates in random coefficient models to predict the genotype performances in new locations. Multi-environment trials (MET) are conducted to assess the performance of a set of genotypes in a target population of environments. From a grower's perspective, MET results must provide high accuracy and precision for predictions of genotype performance in new locations, i.e. the grower's locations, which hardly ever coincide with the locations at which the trials were conducted. Linear mixed modelling can provide predictions for new locations. Moreover, the precision of the predictions is of primary concern and should be assessed. Besides, the precision can be improved when auxiliary information is available to characterize the targeted locations. Thus, in this study, we demonstrate the benefit of using environmental information (covariates) for predicting genotype performance in some new locations for Swedish winter wheat official trials. Swedish MET locations can be stratified into zones, allowing borrowing information between zones when best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) is used. To account for correlations between zones, as well as for intercepts and slopes for the regression on covariates, we fitted random coefficient (RC) models. The results showed that the RC model with appropriate covariate scaling and model for covariate terms improved the precision of predictions of genotypic performance for new locations. The prediction accuracy of the RC model was competitive compared to the model without covariates. The RC model reduced the standard errors of predictions for individual genotypes and standard errors of predictions of genotype differences in new locations by 30-38% and 12-40%, respectively.

Publicerad i

Theoretical and Applied Genetics
2021, Volym: 134, nummer: 5, sidor: 1513-1530 Utgivare: SPRINGER