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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Traditional Sri Lankan fermented buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) milk gel (Meekiri): technology, microbiology and quality characteristics

Priyashantha, Hasitha; Ranadheera, C.S.; Rasika, D. M. D.; Vidanarachchi, Janak K.


Meekiri (sometimes also known as Mee-Deekiri); fermented buffalo milk gel is a deep-rooted dairy product in Sri Lankan food culture and the production of Meekiri plays an integral part in the livelihood of rural farming. Meekiri consumption is widespread irrespective of geographic boundaries, across the cultural and/or ethnic communities. In Sri Lanka, buffalo milk is predominantly used in producing Meekiri, where production has been specialized in various geographic areas in the country, associated with major buffalo farming regions. Physicochemical and microbiological quality attributes are apparent to differ in Meekiri according to varying production regions, processing techniques and storage conditions. The mouthfeel and taste of Meekiri are widely accepted to be thicker and creamier with a pleasant note and is whiter in colour compared to fermented cow milk gel/yoghurt. Since Meekiri production is localized in Sri Lanka and available as traditional know-how at the primary production level, up-to-date comprehensive scientific literature that accounts for processing and detailed product quality characteristics is lacking. Hence, this review evaluates and outlines updated information about the Meekiri production, associated buffalo farming systems, quality characteristics of Meekiri including physicochemical, sensorial and microbiological aspects in the final product.

Published in

Journal of Ethnic Foods
2021, volume: 8, number: 1

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Sciences
Ranadheera, C.S.
University of Melbourne
Rasika, D. M. D.
Wayamba University of Sri Lanka
Vidanarachchi, Janak K.
University of Peradeniya

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

Publication Identifiers


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