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Forskningsartikel2021Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Genomic basis of high-altitude adaptation in Tibetan Prunus fruit trees

Wang, Xia; Liu, Shengjun; Zuo, Hao; Zheng, Weikang; Zhang, Shanshan; Huang, Yue; Pingcuo, Gesang; Ying, Hong; Zhao, Fan; Li, Yuanrong; Liu, Junwei; Yi, Ting-Shuang; Zan, Yanjun; Larkin, Robert M.; Deng, Xiuxin; Zeng, Xiuli; Xu, Qiang


The Great Himalayan Mountains and their foothills are believed to be the place of origin and development of many plant species. The genetic basis of adaptation to high plateaus is a fascinating topic that is poorly understood at the population level. We comprehensively collected and sequenced 377 accessions of Prunus germplasm along altitude gradients ranging from 2,067 to 4,492 m in the Himalayas. We de novo assembled three high-quality genomes of Tibetan Prunus species. A comparative analysis of Prunus genomes indicated a remarkable expansion of the SINE retrotransposons occurred in the genomes of Tibetan species. We observed genetic differentiation between Tibetan peaches from high and low altitudes and that genes associated with light stress signaling, especially UV stress signaling, were enriched in the differentiated regions. By profiling the metabolomes of Tibetan peach fruit, we determined 379 metabolites had significant genetic correlations with altitudes and that in particular phenylpropanoids were positively correlated with altitudes. We identified 62 Tibetan peach-specific SINEs that colocalized with metabolites differentially accumualted in Tibetan relative to cultivated peach. We demonstrated that two SINEs were inserted in a locus controlling the accumulation of 3-O-feruloyl quinic acid. SINE1 was specific to Tibetan peach. SINE2 was predominant in high altitudes and associated with the accumulation of 3-O-feruloyl quinic acid. These genomic and metabolic data for Prunus populations native to the Himalayan region indicate that the expansion of SINE retrotransposons helped Tibetan Prunus species adapt to the harsh environment of the Himalayan plateau by promoting the accumulation of beneficial metabolites.

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Current Biology
2021, Volym: 31, nummer: 17, sidor: 3848-3860
Utgivare: CELL PRESS

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