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Forskningsartikel2022Vetenskapligt granskad

Remote sensing-based biomass estimation of dry deciduous tropical forest using machine learning and ensemble analysis

Singh, Chandrakant; Karan, Shivesh Kishore; Sardar, Purnendu; Samadder, Sukha Ranjan


Forests play a vital role in maintaining the global carbon balance. However, globally, forest ecosystems are increasingly threatened by climate change and deforestation in recent years. Monitoring forests, specifically forest biomass is essential for tracking changes in carbon stocks and the global carbon cycle. However, developing countries lack the capacity to actively monitor forest carbon stocks, which ultimately adds uncertainties in estimating country specific contribution to the global carbon emissions. In India, authorities use field-based measurements to estimate biomass, which becomes unfeasible to implement at finer scales due to higher costs. To address this, the present study proposed a framework to monitor above-ground biomass (AGB) at finer scales using open-source satellite data. The framework integrated four machine learning (ML) techniques with field surveys and satellite data to provide continuous spatial estimates of AGB at finer resolution. The application of this framework is exemplified as a case study for a dry deciduous tropical forest in India. The results revealed that for wet season Sentinel-2 satellite data, the Random Forest (adjusted R-2 = 0.91) and Artificial Neural Network (adjusted R-2 = 0.77) ML models were better-suited for estimating AGB in the study area. For dry season satellite data, all the ML models failed to estimate AGB adequately (adjusted R-2 between-0.05 - 0.43). Ensemble analysis of ML predictions not only made the results more reliable, but also quantified spatial uncertainty in the predictions as a metric to identify its robustness.


Non-parametric models; Pixel-based approach; Sentinal-2; Terrestrial carbon stock; Uncertainty mapping

Publicerad i

Journal of Environmental Management
2022, Volym: 308, artikelnummer: 114639

    Globala målen

    SDG9 Hållbar industri, innovationer och infrastruktur
    SDG15 Ekosystem och biologisk mångfald
    SDG17 Genomförande och globalt partnerskap

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