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Forskningsartikel2023Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Diagnostic, regenerative or fossil-free- exploring stakeholder perceptions of Swedish food system sustainability

Roos, E.; Wood, A.; Sall, S.; Abu Hatab, A.; Ahlgren, S.; Hallstrom, E.; Tidaker, P.; Hansson, H.


In an analysis of food system sustainability challenges and solutions among Swedish food system actors using Q -methodology, five perspectives were identified. One of the main three perspectives placed the highest priority on reduced meat consumption, food waste, and climate impact in agriculture, but downplayed strategies highlighted in the national food strategy and social aspects, and can be interpreted as a diagnostic climate mitigation-oriented perspective that does not reflect current negotiated policy processes or 'softer' values of food. In an alternative regenerative perspective, industrialized large-scale farming and lack of internalization of external costs were regarded as the main problems, and diversity, soil health, and organic farming as the main solutions. Proponents of a third perspective regarded phasing out fossil fuels, increased profitability of companies, increased meat production, and self-sufficiency as high priorities. These contrasting views can be a major barrier to transforming the Swedish food system. However, a number of entry points for change (i.e. aspects highly important for some and neutral for others) were identified, including focusing on healthy diets and increased production of fruit and vegetables. Focusing on these can build trust among stakeholders before moving to discussions about the larger and more sensitive systemic changes needed.


Agriculture; Climate change; Food production; Stakeholders; Change agents

Publicerad i

Ecological Economics
2023, Volym: 203, artikelnummer: 107623
Utgivare: ELSEVIER