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Forskningsartikel2023Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Rapid re-establishment of top-down control at a no-take artificial reef

Kraufvelin, Patrik; Bergstrom, Lena; Sundqvist, Frida; Ulmestrand, Mats; Wennhage, Hakan; Wikstrom, Andreas; Bergstrom, Ulf


Establishment of artificial reefs and no-take areas are management measures available for restoring deteriorated marine ecosystems, compensating for habitat loss and strengthening harvested populations. Following the establishment of no-take artificial reefs in western Sweden to compensate for hard bottoms lost to a shipping lane, we detected rapid positive effects on crustaceans and demersal fish compared to fished reference areas. The relative abundance and size structure of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) increased strongly in the no-take area indicating more than doubled and tripled egg production in 5 and 10 years, respectively. For benthic fish and crustacean communities, the abundances of gadoids and wrasses increased and the abundances of small decapod crustaceans decreased in the no-take area, likely indicating cascading effects of increased predation. The study demonstrates that relatively small no-take areas, enhanced by artificial reefs, can rapidly invigorate populations of lobster and fish that in turn may re-initiate local top-down control.


Cod; Decapod crustaceans; Environmental compensation; Lobster; MPA; Restoration

Publicerad i

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2023, Volym: 52, nummer: 3, sidor: 556-570
Utgivare: SPRINGER