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Protein Nanofibrils from Fava Bean and Its Major Storage Proteins: Formation and Ability to Generate and Stabilise Foams

Herneke, Anja; Lendel, Christofer; Karkehabadi, Saeid; Lu, Jing; Langton, Maud


Protein nanofibrils (PNFs) have potential for use in food applications as texture inducers. This study investigated the formation of PNFs from protein extracted from whole fava bean and from its two major storage proteins, globulin fractions 11S and 7S. PNFs were formed by heating (85 degrees C) the proteins under acidic conditions (pH 2) for 24 h. Thioflavin T fluorescence and atomic force microscopy techniques were used to investigate PNF formation. The foaming properties (capacity, stability, and half-life) were explored for non-fibrillated and fibrillated protein from fava bean, 11S, and 7S to investigate the texturing ability of PNFs at concentrations of 1 and 10 mg/mL and pH 7. The results showed that all three heat-incubated proteins (fava bean, 11S, and 7S) formed straight semi-flexible PNFs. Some differences in the capacity to form PNFs were observed between the two globulin fractions, with the smaller 7S protein being superior to 11S. The fibrillated protein from fava bean, 11S, and 7S generated more voluminous and more stable foams at 10 mg/mL than the corresponding non-fibrillated protein. However, this ability for fibrillated proteins to improve the foam properties seemed to be concentration-dependent, as at 1 mg/mL, the foams were less stable than those made from the non-fibrillated protein.


plant protein; fava bean; amyloids; legumin; vicilin; 11S; 7S; microscopy; rheology

Publicerad i

2023, Volym: 12, nummer: 3, artikelnummer: 521
Utgivare: MDPI