Skip to main content
SLU:s publikationsdatabas (SLUpub)

Forskningsartikel2023Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Improved bioenergy value of residual rice straw by increased lipid levels from upregulation of fatty acid biosynthesis

Jin, Yunkai; Hu, Jia; Su, Jun; Aslan, Selcuk; Lin, Yan; Jin, Lu; Isaksson, Simon; Liu, Chunlin; Wang, Feng; Schnurer, Anna; Sitbon, Folke; Hofvander, Per; Sun, Chuanxin


BackgroundRice (Oryza sativa) straw is a common waste product that represents a considerable amount of bound energy. This energy can be used for biogas production, but the rate and level of methane produced from rice straw is still low. To investigate the potential for an increased biogas production from rice straw, we have here utilized WRINKLED1 (WRI1), a plant AP2/ERF transcription factor, to increase triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in rice plants. Two forms of Arabidopsis thaliana WRI1 were evaluated by transient expression and stable transformation of rice plants, and transgenic plants were analyzed both for TAG levels and biogas production from straw.ResultsBoth full-length AtWRI1, and a truncated form lacking the initial 141 amino acids (including the N-terminal AP2 domain), increased fatty acid and TAG levels in vegetative and reproductive tissues of Indica rice. The stimulatory effect of the truncated AtWRI1 was significantly lower than that of the full-length protein, suggesting a role for the deleted AP2 domain in WRI1 activity. Full-length AtWRI1 increased TAG levels also in Japonica rice, indicating a conserved effect of WRI1 in rice lipid biosynthesis. The bio-methane production from rice straw was 20% higher in transformants than in the wild type. Moreover, a higher producing rate and final yield of methane was obtained for rice straw compared with rice husks, suggesting positive links between methane production and a high amount of fatty acids.ConclusionsOur results suggest that heterologous WRI1 expression in transgenic plants can be used to improve the metabolic potential for bioenergy purposes, in particular methane production.


WRINKLED1; Triacylglycerol (TAG); Rice; Endosperm; Bioenergy; Anaerobic digestion; Rice straw

Publicerad i

Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts
2023, Volym: 16, nummer: 1, artikelnummer: 90
Utgivare: BMC