- Institutionen för vatten och miljö, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
The effect of seed bacterization with Bacillus paralicheniformis 2R5 on bacterial and fungal communities in the canola rhizosphere
Swiatczak, Joanna; Kalwasinska, Agnieszka; Szabo, Attila; Brzezinska, Maria Swiontek
Bacillus sp. is one of the best-studied plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). However, more detailed studies targeting its effect on the rhizosphere microbial community are required for improving management practices regarding its commercial application in the field. Our earlier study showed that PGPR Bacillus paralicheniformis 2R5 stimulated canola growth. Hence, this study aimed to assess the time-course impact of B. paralicheniformis 2R5 on bacterial and fungal community structure and diversity. The results showed that inoculation with B. paralicheniformis 2R5 initially significantly decreased the observed bacterial richness compared to the control, while after 44 days of treatment this alpha diversity metrics increased. A linear discriminant analysis effect size showed that B. paralicheniformis 2R5 altered the soil bacterial and fungal community structure by increasing the abundance of plants' beneficial microorganisms such as Nitrospira, Ramlibacter, Sphingomonas, Massilia, Terrimonas as well as Solicoccozyma, Schizothecium, Cyphellophora, Fusicolla, Humicola. B. paralicheniformis 2R5 seems to be a promising alternative to chemical pesticides and can be considered for practical application in the field. Its ability to alter the rhizosphere microbiome by increasing the diversity and composition of bacterial communities and increasing plants' beneficial groups of fungi, appears to be important in terms of improving canola development. However, further studies on these increased microbial taxa are necessary to confirm their function in promoting canola growth.
PGPR; Bacterial diversity; Fungal diversity
2023, Volym: 275, artikelnummer: 127448
Utgivare: ELSEVIER GMBH
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