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Relationships between different types of biochar and N2O emissions during composting based on roles of nosZ-carrying denitrifying bacterial communities enriched on compost and biochar particles

Yin, Yanan; Gu, Mengjin; Zhang, Wenrong; Yang, Chao; Li, Haichao; Wang, Xiaochang; Chen, Rong


Biochar has demonstrated the potential in mitigating N2O emissions during composting. However, little is known about how microbial communities on biochar particles interact with N2O emissions. This study selected three types of biochar (corn stalk biochar (CSB), rape straw biochar (RSB), and bamboo charcoal (BC)) to investigate the relationship between N2O emissions and denitrifying bacterial communities on compost and biochar particles. The results showed that N2O emissions rate were higher in the thermophilic phase, and the average emissions rate of BC treatment were lower 40% and 26% than CSB and RSB, respectively. The nosZ-carrying denitrifying bacterial community played a key role in reducing N2O emissions, and the network indicated that Rhizobium and Paracoccus on compost particles may have played major roles in reducing N2O emissions, but only Paracoccus on biochar particles. Notably, BC enhanced the efficiency of N2O emission reduction by enhancing the abundance of these key genera.


Biochar; Composting; Denitrification; Nitrous oxide; nosZ gene

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Bioresource Technology
2024, Volym: 394, artikelnummer: 130214

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