Skip to main content
SLU:s publikationsdatabas (SLUpub)

Översiktsartikel2024Vetenskapligt granskad

Current use of real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in animals

Tidholm, A.; Menciotti, G.; Borgarelli, M.


This review includes 36 studies of transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in animals. Most of these studies concern cardiac chamber quantification of the left atrium and left ventricle, in dogs. Comparisons of RT3DE and different two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) methods have been reported in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD), dilated cardiomyopathy, and in healthy control dogs. Comparisons of RT3DE and standard reference methods have been reported in healthy control dogs. In dogs with MMVD, volumetric RT3DE measurements of left atrium do not appear to provide superior prognostic value compared with 2DE methods using Simpson's method of discs in dogs with MMVD. The major advantages of RT3DE compared to 2DE include improvements in visualization of the complex morphology of the mitral valve, the estimation of mitral valve regurgitation, and improved visualization of complex congenital cardiac abnormalities. (c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Advanced cardiac ima-ging; Volumetric measure-ments; Mitral valve morphol-ogy

Publicerad i

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology
2024, Volym: 51, sidor: 97-104
Utgivare: ELSEVIER

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Klinisk vetenskap

    Publikationens identifierare


    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)