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Forskningsartikel2024Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Proteomic and Lipidomic Profiling of Calves Experimentally Co-Infected with Influenza D Virus and Mycoplasma bovis: Insights into the Host-Pathogen Interactions

Alvarez, Ignacio; Ducatez, Mariette; Guo, Yongzhi; Lion, Adrien; Widgren, Anna; Dubourdeau, Marc; Baillif, Vincent; Saias, Laure; Zohari, Siamak; Bergquist, Jonas; Meyer, Gilles; Valarcher, Jean-Francois; Hagglund, Sara


The role of Influenza D virus (IDV) in bovine respiratory disease remains unclear. An in vivo experiment resulted in increased clinical signs, lesions, and pathogen replication in calves co-infected with IDV and Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis), compared to single-infected calves. The present study aimed to elucidate the host-pathogen interactions and profile the kinetics of lipid mediators in the airways of these calves. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples collected at 2 days post-infection (dpi) were used for proteomic analyses by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Additionally, lipidomic analyses were performed by LC-MS/MS on BAL samples collected at 2, 7 and 14 dpi. Whereas M. bovis induced the expression of proteins involved in fibrin formation, IDV co-infection counteracted this coagulation mechanism and downregulated other acute-phase response proteins, such as complement component 4 (C4) and plasminogen (PLG). The reduced inflammatory response against M. bovis likely resulted in increased M. bovis replication and delayed M. bovis clearance, which led to a significantly increased abundance of oxylipids in co-infected calves. The identified induced oxylipids mainly derived from arachidonic acid; were likely oxidized by COX-1, COX-2, and LOX-5; and peaked at 7 dpi. This paper presents the first characterization of BAL proteome and lipid mediator kinetics in response to IDV and M. bovis infection in cattle and raises hypotheses regarding how IDV acts as a co-pathogen in bovine respiratory disease.


Influenza D; Mycoplasma bovis; proteomics; lipidomics; oxylipids; eicosanoids; bovine respiratory disease; cattle; co-infection

Publicerad i

2024, Volym: 16, nummer: 3, artikelnummer: 361
Utgivare: MDPI