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Forskningsartikel2024Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

The influence of tree genus, phylogeny, and richness on the specificity, rarity, and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi

Tedersoo, Leho; Drenkhan, Rein; Abarenkov, Kessy; Anslan, Sten; Bahram, Mohammad; Bitenieks, Kriss; Buegger, Franz; Gohar, Daniyal; Hagh-Doust, Niloufar; Klavina, Darta; Makovskis, Kristaps; Zusevica, Austra; Pritsch, Karin; Padari, Allar; Polme, Sergei; Rahimlou, Saleh; Rungis, Dainis; Mikryukov, Vladimir


Partner specificity is a well-documented phenomenon in biotic interactions, yet the factors that determine specificity in plant-fungal associations remain largely unknown. By utilizing composite soil samples, we identified the predictors that drive partner specificity in both plants and fungi, with a particular focus on ectomycorrhizal associations. Fungal guilds exhibited significant differences in overall partner preference and avoidance, richness, and specificity to specific tree genera. The highest level of specificity was observed in root endophytic and ectomycorrhizal associations, while the lowest was found in arbuscular mycorrhizal associations. The majority of ectomycorrhizal fungal species showed a preference for one of their partner trees, primarily at the plant genus level. Specialist ectomycorrhizal fungi were dominant in belowground communities in terms of species richness and relative abundance. Moreover, all tree genera (and occasionally species) demonstrated a preference for certain fungal groups. Partner specificity was not related to the rarity of fungi or plants or environmental conditions, except for soil pH. Depending on the partner tree genus, specific fungi became more prevalent and relatively more abundant with increasing stand age, tree dominance, and soil pH conditions optimal for the partner tree genus. The richness of partner tree species and increased evenness of ectomycorrhizal fungi in multi-host communities enhanced the species richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi. However, it was primarily the partner-generalist fungi that contributed to the high diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in mixed forests.More than half of ectomycorrhizal fungi display partner specificity that is determined by tree genus and among-plant phylogenetic relationships. Specific fungi are more common in monospecific stands and at extreme soil pH. Rarity is unrelated to specificity, but it is driven by overall fungal and plant partner richness, certain tree species (Pinus and Salix) and moderately acidic soils. Mainly partner-generalist fungi contribute to the high diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in mixed forests. image

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Environmental Microbiology Reports
2024, Volym: 16, nummer: 2, artikelnummer: e13253
Utgivare: WILEY

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