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Forskningsartikel2022Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Molecular genetic variation of animals and plants under domestication

Andersson, L.; Purugganan, M.

Sammanfattning

Domesticated plants and animals played crucial roles as models for evolutionary change by means of natural selection and for establishing the rules of inheritance, originally proposed by Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel, respectively. Here, we review progress that has been made during the last 35 y in unraveling the molecular genetic variation underlying the stunning phenotypic diversity in crops and domesticated animals that inspired Mendel and Darwin. We notice that numerous domestication genes, crucial for the domestication process, have been identified in plants, whereas animal domestication appears to have a polygenic background with no obvious "domestication genes" involved. Although model organisms, such as Drosophila and Arabidopsis, have replaced domesticated species as models for basic research, the latter are still outstanding models for evolutionary research because phenotypic change in these species represents an evolutionary process over thousands of years. A consequence of this is that some alleles contributing to phenotypic diversity have evolved by accumulating multiple changes in the same gene. The continued molecular characterization of crops and farm animals with ever sharper tools is essential for future food security.

Nyckelord

crops; domestic animals; domestication; genetics; Mendel

Publicerad i

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
2022, Volym: 119, nummer: 30, artikelnummer: e2122150119
Utgivare: National Academy of Sciences

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Biokemi och molekylärbiologi
    Genetik och förädling

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2122150119

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/129741