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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Self-reported consumption frequency of meat and fish products among young adults in Kazakhstan

Akhmetova, Venera; Balji, Yuriy; Kandalina, Yelena; Iskineyeva, Ainara; Mukhamejanova, Akmaral; Baspakova, Akmaral; Uzakov, Yassin; Issayeva, Kuralay; Zamaratskaia, Galia


Background: Meat and dairy products are important ingredients in Kazakhstan, although there are indications that high consumption of red and processed meat is associated with a risk of several non-communicable diseases and has an adverse impact on the environment. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary habits of young adults in Kazakhstan, particularly meat and fish consumption frequency among university students in five regions of Kazakhstan. Methods: The assessment of meat and fish consumption was based on the food frequency questionnaire. Region of residence, age, sex, weight, height and parental education were also self-reported. Results: Meat consumption among the participants was lower than recommended consumption of 1500 g per week in Kazakhstan but almost two-fold higher than the World Cancer Research Fund recommendations of 500 g per week. Approximately 24% of the participants reported to consume meat every day. Only 8.6% of the participants reported fish consumption in line with the recommendation of approximately 270 g per week in Kazakhstan. Meat and fish consumption was fairly homogeneous across regions and sex. Conclusion: The results from this study contribute to the relatively limited information on meat and fish consumption in Kazakhstan. Further knowledge on dietary habits and probably improved nutrition recommendations on meat consumption in Kazakhstan are needed to protect public health and the environment.


Meat consumption; fish consumption; university students; young adults; food

Published in

Nutrition and Health
2024, Volume: 30, number: 2, pages: 309-318

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Food Science
    Nutrition and Dietetics

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