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Forskningsartikel2007Vetenskapligt granskad

Variable response of different functional groups of saproxylic beetles to substrate manipulation and forest management: Implications for conservation strategies

Johansson T, Hjalten J, Hilszczanski J, Stenlid J, Ball JP, Alinvi O, Danell K


Different functional groups of beetles are likely to exhibit different responses to forest management and it is essential that we gain knowledge on these responses to understand and minimize the negative impacts of forestry in boreal ecosystems. In a large-scale manipulative experiment in nine sites (including 27 stands) in northern Sweden, we tested how saproxylic beetles, fire-favoured beetles and functional groups of beetles were affected by log treatment (shaded, burnt and fungi inoculated logs) and stand type (clear-cuts, mature managed and old-growth stands). All sites included one clear-cut, one mature managed stand and one old-growth stand, which give in total 27 stands. Fresh logs were placed out in the stands and exposed to different treatments. Insects were caught in eclector traps attached to the experimental logs. Log treatment, stand type and their interactions affected abundance, species richness and assemblages of saproxylic beetles, fire-favoured beetles and functional groups of beetles. Cambium consumers were less abundant on burnt logs compared with control logs. Furthermore, the assemblage composition differed between burnt logs and control logs for fire-favoured species and cambium consumers. On the clear-cuts burnt logs hosted lower abundance of all saproxylic beetles and fire-favoured species. For predators, the assemblage composition differed between burnt logs and control logs on clear-cuts. Shaded logs hosted lower abundance of wood borers compared to control logs. Shaded logs also supported different assemblages of saproxylic beetles and predators compared with the control logs on clear cuts. The effect of stand type was stronger than the effect of log treatment and for most of the examined groups; the clear-cuts differed from the mature managed and old-growth stands, while few differences was detected between mature managed and old-growth stands. The results indicate that in an area with intense forestry, both old-growth forest reserves and the creation of suitable substrates in managed forests are needed to conserve functionally intact beetle assemblages. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved


saproxylic beetles; dead wood; functional groups; forest management; substrate characteristics; conservation; boreal forests

Publicerad i

Forest Ecology and Management
2007, Volym: 242, nummer: 2-3, sidor: 496-510