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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2007

Carotenoids in rose-hips and sea buckthorn berries

Andersson, SC; Olsson, ME; Johansson, E; Rumpunen, K


The carotenoid contents in fruits of 85 and 51 different genotypes of rose hips and sea buckthorn, respectively, were compared in an experiment conducted in Sweden. The effect of fruit ripening time on the carotenoid content was evaluated. Four species/cultivars of rose hips (Rosa rubiginosa, R. spinosissima [R. pimpinellifolia], R. dumalis and Rosa sp. cv. C05035) and sea buckthorn (Hippophae sp. cultivars Ljubljitelskaja, BHi 72587, BHi 72588 and BHi 727102) were used. Rose hips were collected during 5 weeks, except for R. spinosissima (8 weeks), while sea buckthorn was collected during 6 weeks. High variation was observed in carotenoid content among the different genotypes of both species. For rose hips, this was in the range 400-6000 micro g/g DW, and Rosa sp. cv. C05035 and R. spinosissima showed the highest and lowest contents, respectively. For sea buckthorn, carotenoid content was in the range 1100-4500 micro g/g DW, and BHi 72782 and HIP9896 showed the highest and lowest contents, respectively. Cultivar and time of harvest were the important factors that determined the carotenoid contents of the plants. Rose hips showed 10-fold increase in carotenoid contents during 5 weeks of fruit ripening, while R. spinosissima showed 1.3- to 2.6-fold increase in carotenoid content during 8 weeks. For sea buckthorn, carotenoid content increased by 1.3-3.0 times during the 6 weeks of ripening

Published in

Acta Horticulturae
2007, number: No.744, pages: 405-407
ISBN: 978-90-6605-388-5
Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS)