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Forskningsartikel2008Vetenskapligt granskad

Prevalence of Neospora caninum and bovine viral diarrhoea virus in dairy cows in Southern Vietnam

Mai Chi Duong; Alenius, Stefan; Lam Thi Thu Huong; Bjorkman, Camilla


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Neospora. caninum and bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) in some dairy herds in Southern Vietnam, and to ascertain whether there were differences in seroprevalences between herds with imported and locally bred cows. Serum samples collected on five state farms and 97 smallholder herds were analysed for the presence of antibodies to N. caninum and BVDV. All BVDV antibody-negative sera were further tested by antigen-ELISA in order to identify persistently infected individuals. The N. caninum prevalence varied between 16% and 53% in the state herds, and was higher in the four herds that had imported cows than in the herd that only had locally bred cows. Nineteen percent of the samples collected on smallholder farms, which all had only locally bred cows, had antibodies to N. caninum. The BVDV seroprevalence varied between 58% and 93% on the state farms. In smallholder herds, the prevalence of BVDV among the sampled cows was 18% and even lower on the state farms. Despite the high seroprevalence for BVDV in the state herds, no persistently BVDV infected cows were found. Given the high prevalence for Neospora and BVDV among herds with imported cows, it seems advisable to test for both infections before cattle are imported into the country. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


BVDV; Neospora caninum; prevalence; Vietnam

Publicerad i

Veterinary Journal
2008, Volym: 175, nummer: 3, sidor: 390-394