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Forskningsartikel2008Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Mating type distribution and genetic structure are consistent with sexual recombination in the Swedish population of Phaeosphaeria nodorum

Blixt, E.; Olson, A.; Hoegberg, N.; Djurle, A.; Yuen, J.

Sammanfattning

Mating type ratios and SSR marker analysis were used to study the genetic structure of Phaeosphaeria nodorum, the causal agent of glume blotch in wheat. The study was based on leaf collections in five fields located in different regions in Sweden. In total 302 isolates of P. nodorum were obtained from 203 sampling sites (including eight ascospore isolates). Three strong indications of sexual recombination were found: (i) the two mating types were present at a 1:1 ratio; (ii) the genetic structure was diverse, with many unique genotypes, and 69 of the 93 genotypes were only found once; and (iii) random association of alleles indicated that genetic recombination was frequent. However, asexual reproduction could not be excluded since identical genotypes were found within the fields. The fungal population had experienced a demographic bottleneck, as indicated by a low ratio of number of alleles to microsatellite size range (M-value) of 0.5.

Nyckelord

demographic bottleneck; genetic diversity; mating type; sexual recombination; Stagonospora nodorum; wheat glume blotch

Publicerad i

Plant Pathology
2008, Volym: 57, nummer: 4, sidor: 634-641