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Forskningsartikel2004Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Commercially available antibodies to human tumour necrosis factor-alpha tested for cross-reactivity with ovine and bovine tumour necrosis factor-alpha using flow cytometric assays

Dernfalk J, Waller KP, Johannisson A


A thorough understanding of the immune system, including the role of different cytokines, during inflammatory diseases in ruminants could lead to the development of new diagnostic methods and treatments. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is an important cytokine in the onset of the inflammatory responses. Unfortunately, the number of studies on cytokines, like TNF-alpha, in ruminants is limited due to a lack of species-specific reagents. As cytokines have remained rather conserved during evolution, cross-reactivity between animal species may occur. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate 5 commercially available antibodies against human TNF-alpha for their ability to cross-react with ovine and/or bovine TNF-alpha, using a bead-based flow cytometric method. Two of the antibody clones (Mab 11 and 6401.1111) showed cross reactivity with ovine recombinant TNF-alpha in concentrations above 2.5 ng/ml. However, none of the antibodies detected TNF-alpha in bovine milk, or serum containing known concentrations of bovine TNF-alpha, as earlier determined with ELISA. The results could be due to inability of the antibodies to cross-react between species, but quenching of the signal by matrix proteins might also have lowered the response

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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
2004, Volym: 45, nummer: 1-2, sidor: 99-107