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Forskningsartikel2009Vetenskapligt granskad

TEM/FE-SEM studies on tension wood fibres of Acer spp., Fagus sylvatica L. and Quercus robur L

Lehringer C, Daniel Geoffrey, Schmitt U


Tension wood (TW) fibres from maple, beech and oak were analysed with special emphasis on the cell wall fine structure and deposition of aromatic compounds within the gelatinous layer (GL). For this purpose, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was applied after section staining with potassium permanganate. There was evidence for the occurrence of aromatic compounds in the GLs of fibres of all three species. Some GLs showed a concentric sub-layering. Hence, conclusions about the biosynthetic activities during cell wall formation in TW could be derived. Additional information about structural characteristics of TW fibres were obtained by means of field emission electron microscopy. High-resolution micrographs of cell walls were used for measurements of diameter and microfibril angle (MFA) of cellulose aggregates (CAG). CAG of 7 nm were observed although their diameter varied greatly in the GLs. MFA in the secondary wall of TW was slightly smaller than in opposite wood. The microscopic methods provided complementary ultrastructural and topochemical information on tension wood fibres. The subcellular localisation of aromatic compounds and the observations of the ultrastructural morphology will contribute to the understanding of origin and functionality of TW and its characteristic GL


Tension wood; G-layer; FE-SEM; TEM; cellulose aggregates; MFA; maple; beech; oak

Publicerad i

Wood Science and Technology
2009, Volym: 43, nummer: 7-8, sidor: 691–702
Utgivare: Springer

      SLU författare

    • Daniel, Geoffrey

      • Institutionen för skogens produkter, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

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