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Forskningsartikel2004Vetenskapligt granskad

The effect of age on distribution of skatole and indole levels in entire male pigs in four breeds: Yorkshire, Landrace, Hampshire and Duroc

Babol J, Zamaratskaia G, Juneja RK, Lundstrom K


taint. In this study, plasma samples from 117 Yorkshire, 134 Landrace, 184 Hampshire and 75 Duroc entire male pigs collected at different ages were analyzed for skatole and slightly fewer samples for indole concentrations. For each breed, a distinct age-related distribution of plasma skatole levels was observed. Skatole levels were increased at approximately 180-200 days of age, reaching very high levels is some individuals. Afterwards, the levels decreased; in Yorkshire and Landrace at approximately 240-260 and in Hampshire and Duroc at 310-360 days of age. The decrease of skatole levels was also observed in samples collected from 15 Landrace boars at two different ages: 16.8 mug/L (SD = 17.36) vs. 5.9 mug/L (SD = 3.48, p = 0.016) in samples taken at the mean age of 210 and 314 days, respectively. Indole levels showed similar age- and breed-related variations to skatole. At the time of increased skatole concentrations (age from 180 to 360 days, depending on breed) 25.5% of Yorkshire, 31.6% of Landrace, 20.3% of Hampshire and 61.1% of Duroc entire male pigs had skatole levels above 12.6 mug/L of plasma, which corresponds to the threshold level of 0.20 mug/g of fat that is used for selecting tainted carcasses. The results indicate that increased levels of skatole in entire male pigs are related to puberty and taking skatole measurements at that age could be advantageous when considering genetic selection to reduce boar taint level in entire male pigs. Breed differences should be also taken into account. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Publicerad i

Meat Science
2004, Volym: 67, nummer: 2, sidor: 351-358