Skip to main content
SLU:s publikationsdatabas (SLUpub)
Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2013

Stump removal to control root disease in Canada and Scandinavia: A synthesis of results from long-term trials

Cleary, Michelle; Arhipova, Natalija; Morrison, Duncan J.; Thomsen, Iben Margrete; Sturrock, Rona; Vasaitis, Rimvydas; Gaitnieks, Talis; Stenlid, Jan


Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (s.l.), Armillaria ostoyae, and Phellinus sulphurascens are economically important fungal pathogens in temperate forests of the northern hemisphere that cause decay, growth reduction and tree mortality of coniferous hosts. Fungal inoculum residing in roots and stumps after final felling can remain viable for decades and place stands at an increased risk of mortality in subsequent rotations. Stump removal is one strategy that can be used to reduce the impact of root rot fungi in regenerating stands. This paper presents results from five long-term stump removal trials in Canada, Denmark, and Sweden. In all studies, stumps were extracted and larger roots removed. After a period of time ranging between 21 and 50 years, tree mortality, infection or both caused by A. ostoyae, P. sulphurascens and H. annosum s.l. was compared between stumped and non-stumped areas. In all but one trial, efficacy of stump removal to reduce disease occurrence over the long-term was 80-100% for A. ostoyae, 85-100% for P. sulphurascens, and 20-72% for H. annosum s.l. Stump removal for H. annosum s.l. was more effective in the Swedish trial than in the Danish trial, but in both locations the frequency of root disease increased with tree age. Results from trials indicate that stump removal is effective in reducing disease incidence and likely improves site productivity in subsequent rotations. Forest managers should consider stump removal as a routine operation when harvesting, especially on sites that have high hazard for A. ostoyae, P. sulphurascens, or both. Even though stump removal can provide adequate control against H. annosum, use of the biocontrol agent Phlebiopsis gigantea on freshly cut stump surfaces after harvest and following thinnings is perhaps a more cost effective control measure to reduce the frequency of H. annosum rot in next rotation forests. New initiatives involving harvesting of stumps for bioenergy may offer the additional benefit of minimizing disease impacts in next rotation forests. (C) 2012 Crown Copyright and Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publicerad i

Forest Ecology and Management
2013, Volym: 290, sidor: 5-14
Utgivare: Elsevier

      SLU författare

    • Cleary, Michelle

      • Institutionen för skoglig mykologi och patologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
      • Arhipova, Natalija

        • Institutionen för skoglig mykologi och patologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
        • Vasaitis, Rimvydas

          • Institutionen för skoglig mykologi och patologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
          • Stenlid, Jan

            • Institutionen för skoglig mykologi och patologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

          Globala målen

          SDG15 Life on land

          UKÄ forskningsämne

          Forest Science

          Publikationens identifierare


          Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)