Sensitivity to H- and Al ions limiting growth and distribution of the woodland grass Bromus benekenii
Andersson, Maud E.; Brunet, Jörg
One pH experiment and two aluminium experiments were conducted in order to investigate the effects of H- and Al ions on growth of Bromus benekenii. Continuously flowing solution cultures were used with ion concentrations simulating natural soil solutions. In all experiments, treatment effects were more pronounced on root than on shoot growth. In the pH experiment, root growth decreased with decreasing pH within the pH range 4.5 to 3.5. The critical pH for root growth of Bromus benekenii was between 3.8 and 4.0. In the Al experiments, root growth started to decrease at 20 muM of quickly reacting Al and almost ceased at 70 muM Al. This characterizes Bromus benekenii as an Al sensitive species. In the pH experiment, shoot concentrations of Ca, Mg, K and P decreased with decreasing pH, but root concentrations were not affected. In the Al experiments, the Al concentrations of both shoots and roots increased with Al in the nutrient solution. At treatments of 70 muM Al or higher, Ca, Mg, K and P concentrations in the shoots were reduced. The critical concentrations of H- and Al ions in the experiments were similar to the highest concentrations found at field sites of Bromus benekenii, analysed in soil solutions obtained by centrifugation technique. Both Al and H toxicity were considered to be of importance as limiting factors for the distribution of Bromus benekenii in south Sweden. Probably, Al toxicity starts to limit growth when also pH itself influences growth negatively. The importance of simulating natural soil solutions in experiments is emphazised, in order to obtain information on the importance of chemical soil factors to the distribution of plants.
A1 SPECIATION; CENTRIFUGATION; FLOWING SOLUTION CULTURE; GROWTH; SOIL SOLUTIONS; TISSUE MINERAL CONCENTRATION
Plant and Soil
1993, Volym: 153, nummer: 2, sidor: 243-254
Utgivare: KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL
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