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Forskningsartikel2004Vetenskapligt granskad

Residual nitrogen effects on a succeeding oat (Avena sativa L.) crop of clover species and ryegrass (Lolium perenne l.) undersown in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Helander, CA


The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of white clover (var. Milka and Donna), red clover ( var. Fanny) and ryegrass ( var. Tove) undersown in winter wheat on a succeeding oat crop. Under the climatic conditions prevailing in Sweden, growing a catch crop after winter cereals is of particular interest because the latter are usually followed by a spring sown crop, leaving the ground bare during autumn and winter. Field trials were carried out during three growing seasons in an integrated farming system and for one year in an organic farming system. Competition from the dense wheat crop in the integrated farming system had a negative effect on the undersown species, and at harvest of the wheat they showed quite poor growth in all three years, with nitrogen contents under 5 kg ha(-1). No significant yield increase was measured without added nitrogen when the averages for all three years were calculated. On average, the grain yields were improved by 750 kg ha(-1) (14% moisture content) for the treatments with undersown clover for all three years when 90 kg N ha(-1) were added. The experiment within the organic system showed a different pattern with a better development of the undersown clover species, with nitrogen contents approximately 25 kg ha(-1) and an improvement in oat grain yield, from around 2000 kg ha(-1) for the control to almost 3500 kg ha(-1) with clover undersown the previous year


catch crop; incorporation; integrated farming systems; nitrogen release; organic farming systems; precision farming; red clover; soil mineral nitrogen; Trifolium; white clover

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Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil and Plant Science
2004, Volym: 54, nummer: 2, sidor: 67-75

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