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2012Öppen tillgång

Tracing the transmission of bovine coronavirus infections in cattle herds based on S gene diversity

Bidokhti MRM, Traven M, Ohlson A, Baule C, Hakhverdyan M, Belak S, Liu LH, Alenius S


The analysed BCoV strains showed a high sequence identity, regardless of whether they were obtained from outbreaks of respiratory disease or diarrhoea or from calves or adult cattle. Circulation of an identical BCoV strain during a 4-month period was demonstrated in calves in one dairy herd. In a regional epizootic of winter dysentery in Northern Sweden, highly similar BCoV strains were detected. In the Southern and Central regions, several genotypes of BCoV circulated contemporaneously, indicating that in these regions, which had a higher density of cattle than the Northern regions, more extensive transmission of the virus was occurring. Identical BCoV sequences supported the epidemiological data that inter-herd contact through purchased calves was important. Swedish BCoV strains unexpectedly showed a high homology with recently detected Italian strains. This study shows that molecular analysis of the spike (S) glycoprotein gene of BCoV can be a useful tool to support or rule out suspected transmission routes. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Molecular epidemiology; Phylogeny; Bovine coronavirus; Transmission; Respiratory

Publicerad i

Veterinary Journal
2012, Volym: 193, nummer: 2, sidor: 386-390