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Forskningsartikel2011Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Characterization of tuberculous lesions in naturally infected African buffalo (Syncerus caffer)

Laisse, Claudio J. M.; Gavier-Widen, Dolores; Ramis, Guillermo; Bila, Custódio G.; Machado, Adelina; Quereda, Juan J.; Ågren, Erik O.; van Helden, Paul D.


Tuberculosis pathology was studied on 19 African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) from a herd in the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park in South Africa. The animals tested positive with the comparative intradermal tuberculin test and were euthanized during a test-and-cull operation to decrease prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in the park. The lymph nodes and lungs were examined grossly for presence of tuberculous lesions, which were scored on a 0-5 scale for macroscopic changes. The gross lesions were examined histologically and classified into grade I, II, III, or IV according to a grading system used for bTB lesions in domestic cattle. Macroscopic lesions were limited to the retropharyngeal, bronchial, and mediastinal lymph nodes and the lungs. The most frequently affected lymph nodes were the bronchial (in 16 animals) and mediastinal (in 11 animals). All four grades of microscopic lesions were observed, grade II lesions were the most frequent. Mycobacterium bovis was detected by PCR in 8 out of 19 animals, and acid-fast bacilli were seen in 7 out of 19 animals, together both techniques identified mycobacteria in 5 out of 19 animals. Lesions were paucibacillary, as acid-fast bacilli were only rarely observed. The absence of lesions in the mesenteric lymph nodes and the high frequency of lesions in respiratory tract associated lymph nodes suggest that the main route of M. bovis infection in African buffalo is by inhalation.


Bovine tuberculosis; buffalo; Mycobacterium bovis; pathology; Syncerus caffer

Publicerad i

Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
2011, Volym: 23, nummer: 5, sidor: 1022-1027