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Forskningsartikel2009Vetenskapligt granskad

Phenolic Compounds in Rosaceae Fruits from Ecuador

Vasco, Catalina; Riihinen, K; Ruales, J; Kamal-Eldin, Afaf

Sammanfattning

RP-HPLC-DAD was used to study the content of phenolic compounds in four Ecuadorian fruits (strawberry, Andean blackberry, plum, and capuli cherry). Compounds were identified using spectral characteristics of representative standards and reference samples. Further, LC-MS with MS/MS was used to confirm molecular assignments in previously unstudied capuli cherry. Gallic acid was detected in Andean blackberry, and galloyl esters were detected in strawberries. Both these berries contained ellagic acid derivatives as major compounds, followed by anthocyanins, cyanidin, and pelargonidin glycosides. Plums and capuli cherry showed similar profiles of phenolic compounds, with chlorogenic and neochlorogenic acids being the most important hydroxycinnamates. (-)-Epicatechin was found in high amounts in Andean blackberry, plums, and capuli cherry, while (+)-catechin was only found in capuli cherry. Proanthocyanidins were major compounds in all fruits, and all contained considerable amounts of quercetin derivatives and smaller amounts of kaempferol derivatives. LC-MS analysis of capuli cherry revealed dimeric and trimeric procyanidins, quercetin and kaempferol hexosides and pentosides, and a kaempferol-O,C-dipentoside.

Nyckelord

Phenolic compounds; strawberry; Andean blackberry; plum; capuli cherry; Rosaceae; Ecuador

Publicerad i

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
2009, Volym: 57, nummer: 4, sidor: 1204-1212
Utgivare: AMER CHEMICAL SOC