- Institutionen för biosystem och teknologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Ahmed, Nur; Åhman, Inger; Englund, Jan-Eric; Johansson, Eva
Chemical control of insect pests is often necessary to ensure high yields of field crops. The aim of the present study was to study whether field pesticide use influences amount of pest damage in neighbouring garden crops. Spring oilseed rape, OSR (Brassica napus L.), was established in Southern Sweden as an example of an agricultural field crop. One half of the OSR field was treated with insecticides to control flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp., Chrysomelidae) and pollen beetle (Meligethes aeneus Fab., Nitidulidae). Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) was used as an example of a common garden crop and it was sown as four replications at three different distances and on four occasions during the season. Care was taken to protect the radish plots from pesticide due to wind drift during applications. Damage to the radish by flea beetle and cabbage root fly (Delia radicum L., Anthomyiidae) along with unspecified leaf damage was recorded. Significantly lower damage by flea beetles was found on cotyledons of radish adjacent to the insecticide treated side of the OSR field compared to the untreated side in radishes from the first sowing. Unspecified damage to true leaves was also less abundant on radishes at the treated side of the OSR field as compared to the untreated side, in all three of the radish harvests analysed. However, radish plot distance from the OSR field did not influence leaf damage. Root fly damage rates in radish did not differ significantly between those adjacent to the treated and untreated sides of the OSR. Damage rates were, however, higher in the radish plots closest to the OSR field in the first sowing, which coincides with the appearance of the first ovipositing females after overwintering as pupae elsewhere. Generally, insecticide treatment in the agricultural field appeared to influence overall damage in the neighbouring garden crop, despite the fact that the garden crop was protected against wind drift of the insecticides during applications.
Brassica napus; cabbage root fly; Delia; flea beetle; garden crop; pesticide; Phyllotreta; Raphanus sativus
Journal of Applied Entomology
2011, Volym: 135, nummer: 3, sidor: 168-176