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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2005

Empirical predictions of plant material C and N mineralization patterns from near infrared spectroscopy, stepwise chemical digestion and C/N ratios

Bruun Sander, Stenberg Bo, Breland Tor Arvid, Gudmundsson Jon, Hemriksen Trond M, Jensen Lars S, Korsaeth Audun, Luxhöi Jesper, Palmason Fridrik, Pedersen Anders, Salo Tapio


Prediction of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) mineralization patterns of plant litter is desirable for both agronomic and environmental reasons. Near infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy has recently been introduced in decomposition studies to characterize biochemical composition. The purpose of the current study was to use empirical techniques to predict C and N mineralization patterns of a wide range of plant materials incubated under controlled temperature and moisture conditions. We hypothesized that the richness of information in the NIR spectra would considerably improve predictions compared to traditional stepwise chemical digestion (SCD) or C/N ratios. Initially, we fitted a number of empirical functions to the observed C and N mineralization patterns. The best functions fitted with R2=0.990 and 0.949 to C and N, respectively. The fractions of C and N mineralized at different points in time were then either predicted directly with regression functions or indirectly by prediction of the parameters of the empirical functions fitted to incubation data. In both cases, partial least squares (PLS) regressions were used and predictions were validated by cross-validations. We found that the NIR spectra (best R2=0.925) were able to predict C mineralization patterns marginally better than the SCD fractions (best R2=0.911), but considerably better than the C/N ratios (best R2=0.851). In contrast, N mineralization was better predicted by SCD fractions (best R2=0.533) than the C/N ratio (best R2=0.497), which was better than NIR predictions (best R2=0.446). Although the predictions with the NIR spectra were only slightly better for C and worse for N mineralization compared to SCD fractions, NIR spectroscopy still holds advantages, as it is a much less laborious and cheaper analytical method. Furthermore, exploration of the applications of NIR spectroscopy in decomposition studies has only just begun, and offers new ways to gain insights into the decomposition process


Litter mineralization; stepwise chemical digestion; NIR; Near infrared spectroscopy

Publicerad i

Soil Biology and Biochemistry
2005, Volym: 37, nummer: 12, sidor: 2283-2296
Utgivare: Elsevier

      SLU författare

    • Stenberg, Bo

      • Institutionen för markvetenskap, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
    Agricultural Science

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