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Forskningsartikel2014Vetenskapligt granskad

Genotypes of Fraxinus excelsior with different susceptibility to the ash dieback pathogen Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus and their response to the phytotoxin viridiol - A metabolomic and microscopic study

Cleary, Michelle; Andersson, Pierre; Broberg, Anders; Elfstrand, Malin; Daniel, Geoffrey; Stenlid, Jan


Eight European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) genotypes with different known susceptibility to Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus were tested against the phytotoxin viridiol and their response described at the microscopic and metabolomic level. All ash genotypes were sensitive to the toxin and necrosis was detectable after 24 h. Among the three viridiol concentrations used in the experiment, the lowest concentration (14.7 mu M) yielded markedly lower mean damage scores compared to those resulting from seedlings tested at higher dosages. The highest damage scores were associated with the susceptible ash clones S-101, S-106 and S-125, but also with resistant clone R-104. Three resistant clones (R-131, R-121, and R-118) had lower mean damage scores compared to susceptible clones. Wilting of leaves was more common 48 h after treatment and more pronounced on seedlings with high damage scores. The resulting lesions generally lacked browning of tissue and displayed only surface disruption of cells in direct contact with the toxin. A delay in symptom development was evident on all five resistant clones tested with the two higher concentrations of viridiol. LC-HRMS and MS/MS analyses of ash seedling extracts suggest several secoiridoid compounds as well as compounds related to abscisic acid (ABA) to be produced in response to viridiol. ABA-cysteine and xanthoxin were found at significantly higher concentrations in susceptible clones compared to resistant clones after treatment with viridiol, suggesting a primary role of ABA in response to stress. The results observed in this study suggest that genetic resistance to H. pseudoalbidus among ash genotypes may be explained, in part, by the varied response to phytotoxins produced by the fungus. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus; Phytotoxin; Viridiol; Fraxinus excelsior; Metabolome

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2014, Volym: 102, sidor: 115-125