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Research article2010Peer reviewedOpen access

An efficient in vitro-inoculation method for Tomato yellow leaf curl virus

Al Abdallat, Ayed M.; Al Debei, Hmoud; Asmar, Heba; Misbeh, Samar; Quraan, Ayat; Kvarnheden, Anders


Background: Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a member of the family Geminiviridae, genus Begomovirus. To test the infectivity of TYLCV in tomato plants, an improved protocol for inoculation of in vitro-cultured tomato plants was developed.Results: A TYLCV isolate was cloned, sequenced and used to construct a 1.8-mer infectious clone. Three weeks old microshoots of TYLCV-susceptible tomato plants were inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring the infectious clone for the TYLCV isolate. After two weeks, the TYLCV symptoms started to appear on the in vitro-inoculated plants and the symptoms became more severe and pronounced eight weeks post-inoculation. The method was used efficiently to uncover the resistance mechanism against TYLCV in Solanum habrochaites accession LA 1777, a wild tomato known for its high resistance to whitefly and TYLCV.Conclusions: The reported in vitro-inoculation method can be used to screen tomato genotypes for their responses to TYLCV under controlled conditions and it will be a useful tool for better understanding of the TYLCV biology in tomato plants.

Published in

Virology Journal
2010, Volume: 7, article number: 84

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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