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Forskningsartikel2014Vetenskapligt granskad

Small agricultural monitoring catchments in Sweden representing environmental impact

Kyllmar, Katarina; Stjernman Forsberg, Lovisa; Andersson, Stefan; Mårtensson, Kristina


Nutrient losses to surface waters have been monitored at the small agricultural catchment scale (2-35 km2) for 20 years in Sweden. Eight of the 21 catchments have been more intensively monitored, with flow-proportional stream water sampling, analysis of groundwater quality, yearly crop management surveys and soilcharacterisation.Annual lossesof total nitrogen(N)atcatchmentstreamoutlet vary from6 to 32 kg ha 1, with the largest losses from sandy loam soils in south-west Sweden, where precipitation is high. Losses of total phosphorus (P) vary from 0.1 to 2.0 kg ha 1 year 1 and are largest in catchments with clay soils. Compared with surrounding agricultural areas, crop production is more intensive in most of the monitoring catchments, e.g. the production of annual crops for the market constitutes a larger share of arable land than production of ley in 15 out of 21 monitoring catchments. A more intensive crop production is a consequence of a preference for a high proportion of arable land in the monitoring area which coincides with more productive agricultural areas inthe regions. Knowing how the catchmentsrelate tootheragricultural areasis important when the catchments are used as indicators of agricultural impacts on surface waters. For detection of the success of implemented mitigation measures, small monitoring catchments are suitable since the response on stream water quality is faster than in larger river catchments where the contribution from other sources is larger and retention in streams and lakes occurs to a larger extent. The catchment information also enhances validation of models used for estimating losses of nutrients from other agricultural areas where information on crops, soils and climate exist but data on agricultural management and water quality is scarce.

Publicerad i

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
2014, Volym: 198, sidor: 25-35
Utgivare: Elsevier Masson