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Forskningsartikel2015Vetenskapligt granskad

Species’ roles in food webs show fidelity across a highly variable oak forest

Baker, Nick J.; Kaartinen, Riikka; Roslin, Tomas; Stouffer, Daniel B.

Sammanfattning

Ecological communities are composed of many species and an intricate network of interactions between them. Because of their overall complexity, an intriguing approach to understanding network structure is by breaking it down into the structural roles of its constituent species. The structural role of a species can be directly measured based on how it appears in network motifs - the basic building blocks of complex networks. Here, we study the distribution of species' roles at three distinct spatio-temporal scales (i.e. species, network, and temporal) in host-parasitoid networks collected across 22 sites over two years within a fragmented landscape of oaks in southern Finland. We found that species' roles for hosts and parasitoids were heterogeneously distributed across the study system but that roles are strongly conserved over spatial scales. In addition, we found that species' roles were remarkably consistent between years even in the presence of disturbances (e.g. species turnover). Overall, our results suggest that species' roles are an intrinsic property of species that may be predictable over spatial and temporal scales.

Publicerad i

Ecography
2015, Volym: 38, nummer: 2, sidor: 130-139

      SLU författare

      Globala målen

      SDG13 Bekämpa klimatförändringarna
      SDG15 Ekosystem och biologisk mångfald

      UKÄ forskningsämne

      Ekologi

      Publikationens identifierare

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.00913

      Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/63729