Skip to main content
SLU:s publikationsdatabas (SLUpub)
Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2005

Microbial characterization of artificial sediment and comparisons with natural sediments - Implications for toxicity testing

Goedkoop W, Widenfalk A, Haglund AL, Steger K, Bertilsson S


The development and activity of microbiota in artificial sediment may have strong implications for the fate of test compounds and the outcome of toxicity tests. In this study, we compare a number of microbial variables in the artificial sediment commonly used in toxicity testing with that of natural sediments. Bacterial abundance of artificial sediment ranged 5.7 to 7.1 X 10(8) cells/g wet weight, which is about two orders of magnitude lower than values commonly reported for natural sediments. Similarly. alternative estimates of microbial biomass (sum of phospholipid fatty acid, ergosterol, adenosine triphosphate) were several times lower for artificial sediment compared with natural sediment. Bacterial activity (H-3-thymidine incorporation) ranged 4.0 to 7.4 pmol g(-1) h(-1) (or 0.062-0.113 mu g C g(-1) h(-1)) in artificial sediments, which is low compared with values commonly reported for freshwater sediments. Community respiration in artificial sediment was 34 to 93 mu g CO2 g(-1) d(-1). Bacterial community composition assessed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism of polymerase chain reaction amplified 16S rRNA genes demonstrated that natural bacterial communities appear to be more diverse than their counterparts in artificial sediment. The average similarity of the microbial communities obtained by this method was less than 40%, and different operational taxonomic units appeared to dominate the artificial and natural sediment, respectively. These results and supporting data from previous studies in natural sediments suggest that the artificial sediment has a poorly developed microbial component that differs substantially from that in natural sediments

Publicerad i

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
2005, Volym: 24, nummer: 11, sidor: 2725-2733
Utgivare: SETAC

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Agricultural Science
    Fish and Aquacultural Science
    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

    Publikationens identifierare


    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)