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Forskningsartikel2014Vetenskapligt granskad

Soil dispersion tests combined with topographical information can describe field-scale sediment and phosphorus losses

Villa Solis, Ana; Bergström, Lars; Djodjic, Faruk

Sammanfattning

Methods for estimating sediment and phosphorus (P) transfer from agricultural land to surface waters are needed to mitigate their adverse impact on water quality. This study quantified sediment and P losses from five agricultural fields and evaluated the patterns observed based on the intrinsic risk of sediment and P mobilization from the soil, together with field topographical and hydrological data. The mobilization risk was estimated using the environmental soil dispersion test DESPRAL. High-resolution LiDAR elevation data and crop management data were used to describe transport and delivery of the material mobilized. Annual flow-weighted suspended solids (SS) concentration in drainage water ranged from 48 to 374 mg/L, total P (TP) from 0.12 to 0.39 mg/L and unreactive P (UP) from 0.08 to 0.33 mg/L. The mobilization risk, measured as turbidity in the aliquot recovered from the dispersion test, varied from 781 to 2310 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU). The method proved to be efficient in describing and differentiating sediment and P mobilization potential between fields. The topographical data also showed large differences between fields, with the length-slope (LS) parameter varying from 0.037 to 0.999. Based on assessments of source (mobilization risk) and transport factors (LS, crop management data), it was possible to characterize fields as favoured or limited in terms of source and transport and to explain the long-term SS and P losses observed at field scale.

Nyckelord

Mobilization; phosphorus; topography; sediment; soil dispersion

Publicerad i

Soil Use and Management
2014, Volym: 30, nummer: 3, sidor: 342-350 Utgivare: WILEY-BLACKWELL