Skip to main content
SLU:s publikationsdatabas (SLUpub)

Forskningsartikel2015Vetenskapligt granskad

Perfluoroalkyl substance concentrations in a terrestrial raptor: Relationships to environmental conditions and individual traits

Bustnes, Jan O.; Bangjord, Georg; Ahrens, Lutz; Herzke, Dorte; Yoccoz, Nigel

Sammanfattning

Accumulation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in wildlife may be influenced by the physical and biotic environment, and concentrations vary greatly among areas, seasons, and individuals. Different hypotheses about sources of variation in perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) concentrations were examined in eggs (n=107) of tawny owls (Strix aluco) collected over a 24-yr period (1986-2009) in Norway. Predictor variables included the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), temperature, snow, food availability (vole abundance), and individual traits such as age, body condition, and clutch size. Concentrations of both perfluoro-octane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs) varied several fold in the population, both inter- and intra-annually. Moreover, individuals laid eggs with several times higher or lower PFAS concentrations within few years (1 yr-5 yr). After controlling for temporal trends (i.e., declining PFOS and increasing PFCA concentrations), both PFOS and PFCAs were positively associated to the winter NAO in the previous year (NAO(y - 1)), suggesting that atmospheric transport may be affecting the input of PFASs to the local ecosystem. Perfluoro-octane sulfonate was negatively related to temperature, but the pattern was complex as there was an interaction between temperature and the feeding conditions. The PFOS accumulation was highest in years with high vole abundance and low to medium temperatures. For PFCAs, there was an interaction between NAO(y - 1) and feeding conditions, suggesting that strong air transport toward Norway and high consumption of voles led to a moderate increase in PFCA accumulation. The individual traits, however, had very little impact on the concentrations of PFASs in the eggs. The present study thus suggests that annual variation in environmental conditions influences the concentrations of PFASs in a terrestrial raptor such as the tawny owl. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:184-191. (c) 2014 SETAC

Nyckelord

Perfluoroalkyl substance; Owl; Climate; Age; Persistent organic pollutant

Publicerad i

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
2015, Volym: 34, nummer: 1, sidor: 184-191
Utgivare: WILEY-BLACKWELL

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Analytisk kemi
    Annan kemi
    Miljövetenskap

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2782

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/64911