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Research article2005Peer reviewed

Factors influencing acrylamide content and color in rye crisp bread

Mustafa A, Andersson R, Rosen J, Kamal-Eldin A, Aman P


An industrial baking procedure for yeast-leavened whole-grain rye crisp bread was adapted to local laboratory conditions to study the effect of time and temperature of baking and the addition of fructose, asparagine, and oat-bran concentrate on the acrylamide content and color of the bread. Baking time and temperature affected acrylamide content that increased from 10 to 30 mu g/kg of bread at the combination of a long time and high temperature, with a significant interaction between the two factors (p < 0.008). Added asparagine had a significant effect (p < 0.001) on the formation of acrylamide, but fructose did not. There was a correlation between acrylamide content and color of the milled bread in the time-temperature experiment, but this correlation was not observed in the experiment with added precursors. Added oat-bran concentrate with high content of mixed-linkage beta-glucan did not influence the acrylamide content in the breads

Published in

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
2005, Volume: 53, number: 15, pages: 5985-5989