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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2016

Lyssavirus-reactive antibodies in Swedish bats

Hammarin, Anna-Lena; Treiberg Berndtsson, Louise; Falk, Kerstin I.; Nedinge, Marie; Olsson, Gert; Lundkvist, Åke


Introduction : To study the presence of European bat lyssavirus (EBLV) infections in bat reservoirs in Sweden, active surveillance was performed during the summers from 2008 to 2013. Material and methods : Bat specimens were collected at >20 bat colonies in the central, southeastern, and southern parts of Sweden. In total, blood and saliva of 452 bats were examined by a virus neutralization test and by reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCRs). Results and discussion : EBLV neutralizing antibodies were detected in 14 Daubenton's bats ( Myotis daubentonii ), all trapped in Skåne or Småland (south and southeast of Sweden). The result was not unexpected since EBLV has been shown to be present in many neighboring countries, for example, Denmark, Finland, Germany, and Norway. However, Sweden has been regarded free of rabies in terrestrial mammals since 1896. Although very rare, spillover of EBLV into other animals and humans have occurred, and the risk of EBLV infection to other species including humans should not be ignored. This is the first report of lyssavirus infection in Swedish bats.


Bat; lyssavirus; rabies; EBLV; Myotis daubentonii; Daubenton´s bat; Northern bat

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Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
2016, Volym: 6, artikelnummer: 31262

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