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Report2015Open access

Biocomposites from natural polymers and fibers

Muneer, Faraz


Alternative resources to petroleum resources to produce environmentally friendly and sustainable plastics and composites are discussed. Such plant based resources are abundantly available at low prices being side stream products from bioethanol and food industries. The review begins with a short introduction to plant based polymers and their potential use for making plastics. Wheat gluten proteins and starch have shown attractive functional properties which are potentially suitable for making plastics with reduced carbon foot print. The structure and function of wheat gluten and potato starch and their use in different polymer blends to produce composites with improved functional properties are also discussed. The use of natural fibers and their advantage over synthetic fibers for making composites are also examined in this review.


Biocomposites; Natural polymers; Wheat gluten; Potato starch; Hemp fibers

Published in

Introductory paper at the Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Horticulture and Crop Production Science
2015, number: 2015:3, pages: 4-30
Publisher: Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Horticulture and Crop Production Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Composite Science and Engineering
    Other Materials Engineering
    Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified

    Permanent link to this page (URI)