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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2016

Evaluation of growth performance and intestinal barrier function in Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus) fed yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), fungi (Rhizopus oryzae) and blue mussel (Mytilus edulis)

Vidakovic, Aleksandar; Langeland, Markus; Sundh, Henrik; Sundell, Kristina; Olstorpe, Matilda; Vielma, Jouni; Kiessling, Anders; Lundh, Torbjörn

Sammanfattning

Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) were fed for 99days on experimental diets with 40% of fish meal replaced, on a crude protein basis, with intact yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (ISC), extracted yeast (ESC), Rhizopus oryzae fungus (RHO) or de-shelled blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) (MYE). The fish were evaluated for growth performance, nutrient digestibility and fish intestinal function. Growth performance, retention of crude protein and sum of amino acids were not affected in fish fed diets ISC or MYE compared with those fed the reference (REF) diet. However, fish fed diet ISC displayed decreased digestibility of crude protein and indispensable amino acids and decreased intestinal barrier function compared with fish fed the REF diet. Fish fed diet ESC exhibited decreased growth performance and protein retention, but had comparable digestibility to fish fed the REF diet. Fish fed diets MYE and RHO showed similar performance in terms of growth, nutrient digestibility and intestinal barrier function. Overall, the results indicated that blue mussel and intact S.cerevisiae yeast are promising protein sources for Arctic charr.

Nyckelord

aquaculture; arctic charr nutrition; intestinal barrier function; Mytilus edulis; Rhizopus oryzae; Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Publicerad i

Aquaculture Nutrition
2016, Volym: 22, nummer: 6, sidor: 1348-1360
Utgivare: WILEY-BLACKWELL