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Forskningsartikel2016Vetenskapligt granskad

Palladium Nanoparticles: Is There a Risk for Aquatic Ecosystems?

Luderwald, Simon; Seitz, Frank; Seisenbaeva, Gulaim; Kessler, Vadim; Schulz, Ralf; Bundschuh, Mirco

Sammanfattning

Nano-sized palladium (nano-Pd) is used in catalytic converters of automobiles, where it can be released into the environment by abrasion. Although these particles may subsequently be transported into surface water bodies, no data estimating their fate and toxicity in aquatic systems exists. This study characterized the particle size development of nano-Pd (advertised size *12 nm; hydrodynamic size *70 nm) in media with variable ionic strength (IS). Additionally, the particles' acute toxicity for daphnids and chironomids was assessed. While nano-Pd agglomerated more quickly with increasing IS, it caused only marginal effects in both test species after 96 h of exposure. After 144 h of exposure, however, an EC50 value of 1.23 mg nano-Pd/L for daphnids was determined indicating effects over the long run. When considering the relatively low environmental concentration of elemental Pd in surface waters (usually ng/L), though, this study suggests only a low aquatic risk in response to nano-Pd.

Nyckelord

Nanomaterial; Palladium; Aquatic risk; Benthic invertebrates; Pelagic species

Publicerad i

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
2016, Volym: 97, nummer: 2, sidor: 153-158

      SLU författare

      • Globala målen

        Bevara och nyttja haven och de marina resurserna på ett hållbart sätt för en hållbar utveckling

        UKÄ forskningsämne

        Miljövetenskap
        Oorganisk kemi
        Nanoteknik

        Publikationens identifierare

        DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1803-x

        Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

        https://res.slu.se/id/publ/80507