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A non-radiometric method for measuring serum thymidine kinase activity in malignant lymphoma in dogs

von Euler HP, Ohrvik AB, Eriksson SK


The aim of this study was to evaluate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), for determination of serum thymidine kinase 1 (sTK1) activity in dogs with malignant lymphoma (ML) and compare it with a thymidine kinase (TK) radioenzymatic assay (TK-REA). The TK-REA has recently been shown to be useful in determining the clinical stage and prognosis in canine ML. In addition, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was measured. Forty-five dogs were included in the study. Sixty serum samples from these dogs, stored in a tumour serum sample bank (stored at -20 degrees C), were analysed. Apart from 37 dogs with ML, four normal dogs as well as two dogs with mammary carcinomas, one dog with bladder carcinoma, and one dog with malignant fibrous histiocytoma were included. Staging of ML was based on the modified World Health Organization (WHO) staging system for canine ML. The diagnosis of all tumours was verified by histopathology. The TK activity (units per litre [U/L]) ranged from 1.0 to 607.9 in the TK-REA analysis and from 1.1 to 5 10 in the TK-ELISA (normal reference value < 7 U/L). The range for LDH was between 12 and 1194 U/L (normal reference value < 228 U/L). There was a significant correlation between the TK-REA and the TK-ELISA. The correlation coefficient (CC) was 0.97 and the standard error of the estimate (SEE) was 3.7 U/L. There was no correlation between LDH and either the TK-REA or the TK-ELISA (CC = 0.53 for both assays; SEE = 26.7 and 12.7 U/L, respectively). Most of the variation in LDH was still within the normal reference range. The mean LDH in dogs with high-stage (stage IV + V) disease was 201.9 U/L. The corresponding values for the TK-REA and TK-ELISA were 109 and 109.9 U/L, respectively. The significant relation between the TK-REA and the TK-ELISA was confirmed by Bland-Altman analysis. The TK-ELISA assay, because of its relative simplicity, will permit measurement of TK in cases of ML in dogs to become a routine procedure. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

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Research in Veterinary Science
2006, Volym: 80, nummer: 1, sidor: 17-24