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Forskningsartikel2016Vetenskapligt granskad

Forest conservation versus indigenous forest territory rights in the Peruvian Amazon : the case of the Kechwa-Lamas village Alto Huaja and the roles of external actors

Egerlid, Josefin; Marquardt, Kristina; Bartholdson, Örjan

Sammanfattning

The current competition for land in the Peruvian Amazon is a challenge to indigenous communities without legal ownership of their customary lands. This study analyses the strategies of Alto Huaja, a Kechwa-Lamas village in the region of San Martín, to gain possession over a forest area which they consider their ancestral territory. It explores how this struggle is influenced by external actors and ideas of how indigenous territories should be governed. Through a governmentality lens, we explore two tenure arrangements under discussion in San Martín - conservation concession and title - their rationales and their possible consequences for Alto Huaja. Data were collected through observation in Alto Huaja and interviews with nine organisations (governmental, non-governmental and indigenous), connected to Alto Huaja. Findings suggest that Kechwa-Lamas' control over their ancestral lands is becoming more tied to doing conservation than gaining rights as indigenous peoples. This could turn them from farmers to conservationists.

Nyckelord

governmentality; brokers; forest tenure; conservation concessions; deforestation; ethnicity; indigenous communities; indigenous identity; technologies of intervention; rendering technical; NGOs

Publicerad i

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology
2016, Volym: 12, nummer: 6, sidor: 381-405

      SLU författare

      • Globala målen

        Skydda, återställa och främja ett hållbart nyttjande av landbaserade ekosystem, hållbart bruka skogar, bekämpa ökenspridning, hejda och vrida tillbaka markförstöringen samt hejda förlusten av biologisk mångfald
        Verka för varaktig, inkluderande och hållbar ekonomisk tillväxt, full och produktiv sysselsättning med anständiga arbetsvillkor för alla

        UKÄ forskningsämne

        Tvärvetenskapliga studier

        Publikationens identifierare

        DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJARGE.2016.080894

        Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

        https://res.slu.se/id/publ/81089