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2017

Trophic interactions among soil arthropods in contrasting land-use systems in Kenya, studied with stable isotopes

Lagerlof, Jan; Maribie, Crispus; John, Jamleck Muturi

Sammanfattning

Understanding how land use intensification changes organism communities and trophic interactions in soil is important for development of sustainable agriculture and forestry.We analysed the food web of soil arthropods with help of natural C-13/C-12 and N-15/N-14 ratios (delta C-13 and delta N-15) in two habitats in the Kenyan Highland - a natural forest and an agricultural site on former forest land. Aims of the study: (1) to describe the structure and feeding relationships in the two systems for major soil arthropod groups, (2) to find differences in feeding strategies within major arthropod groups, (3) to determine if soil arthropod groups have the same trophic positions in forest and agricultural soil, (4) to evaluate if delta C-13 and delta N-15 can be explained by additional reasons, e.g. the physiology and C:N ratios of organisms.This is one of few studies of the trophic structure of soil arthropod communities in tropical ecosystems. It confirms that the structure is similar to comparable systems in the temperate zones. There was a large variation in delta N-15 among families of Oribatida, Mesostigmata and Collembola (the most common groups) indicating great variety in feeding ecology. Collembola and Diplopoda had comparatively high delta N-15, indicating a contribution of animals to the diet. Although lower abundance and diversity of arthropods in the agricultural soil, the trophic positions of particular taxa, indicated as delta N-15 level, were similar to the forest. The delta C-13 values were negatively correlated to the C:N ratio, therefore increasing values of delta C-13 with trophic level could not be demonstrated. (C) 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord

Collembola; Oribatida; Mesostigmata; 13-Carbon; 15-Nitrogen; Tropical soil

Publicerad i

European Journal of Soil Biology
2017, Volym: 79, sidor: 31-39
Utgivare: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER

    Globala målen

    SDG2 Ingen hunger
    SDG15 Ekosystem och biologisk mångfald

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2017.01.002

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/82579