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Forskningsartikel2017Vetenskapligt granskad

Mitral valve morphology assessed by three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in healthy dogs and dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease

Menciotti, G.; Borgarelli, M.; Aherne, M.; Wesselowski, S.; Haggstrom, J.; Ljungvall, I.; Lahmers, S. M.; Abbott, J. A.


Objective: To assess differences in morphology of the mitral valve (MV) between healthy dogs and dogs affected by myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) using real-time transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE).Animals: Thirty-four were normal dogs and 79 dogs were affected by MMVD.Methods: Real-time transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography mitral data sets were digitally recorded and analyzed using dedicated software. The following variables were obtained and compared between healthy dogs and dogs with MMVD at different stages: antero-posterior annulus diameter, anterolateral-posteromedial annulus diameter, commissural diameter, annulus height, annulus circumference, annulus area, anterior leaflet length, anterior leaflet area, posterior leaflet length, posterior leaflet area, non-planar angle, annulus sphericity index, tenting height, tenting area, tenting volume, the ratio of annulus height and commissural diameter.Results: Dogs with MMVD had a more circular MV annulus compared to healthy dogs as demonstrated by an increased annulus sphericity index (p=0.0179). Affected dogs had a less saddle-shaped MV manifest as a decreased annulus height to cornmissural width ratio. (p=0.0004). Tenting height (p<0.0001), area (p<0.0001), and volume (p<0.0001) were less in affected dogs.Conclusions: Real-time transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography analysis demonstrated that dogs affected by MMVD had a more circular and less saddle shaped MV annulus, as well as reduced tenting height area and volume, compared to healthy dogs. Multiple variables differed between dogs at different stages of MMVD. Diagnostic and prognostic utility of these variables, and the significance of these changes in the pathogenesis and natural history of MMVD, require further attention. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Heart; Degeneration; Diagnostic imaging

Publicerad i

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology
2017, Volym: 19, nummer: 2, sidor: 113-123