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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2015

Pharmaceuticals' sorptions relative to properties of thirteen different soils

Kodesova, Radka; Grabic, Roman; Kocarek, Martin; Klement, Ales; Golovko, Oksana; Fer, Miroslav; Nikodem, Antonin; Jaksik, Ondrej

Sammanfattning

Transport of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals in soils and consequent ground-water contamination are influenced by many factors, including compound sorption on soil particles. Here we evaluate the sorption isotherms for 7 pharmaceuticals on 13 soils, described by Freundlich equations, and assess the impact of soil properties on various pharmaceuticals' sorption on soils. Sorption of ionizable pharmaceuticals was, in many cases, highly affected by soil pH. The sorption coefficient of sulfamethoxazole was negatively correlated to soil pH, and thus positively related to hydrolytic acidity and exchangeable acidity. Sorption coefficients for clindamycin and clarithromycin were positively related to soil pH and thus negatively related to hydrolytic acidity and exchangeable acidity, and positively related to base cation saturation. The sorption coefficients for the remaining pharmaceuticals (trimethoprim, metoprolol, atenolol, and carbamazepine) were also positively correlated with the base cation saturation and cation exchange capacity. Positive correlations between sorption coefficients and clay content were found for clindamycin, clarithromycin, atenolol, and metoprolol. Positive correlations between sorption coefficients and organic carbon content were obtained for trimethoprim and carbamazepine. Pedotransfer rules for predicting sorption coefficients of various pharmaceuticals included hydrolytic acidity (sulfamethoxazole), organic carbon content (trimethoprimand carbamazepine), base cation saturation (atenolol and metoprolol), exchangeable acidity and clay content (clindamycin), and soil active pH and clay content (clarithromycin). Pedotransfer rules, predicting the Freundlich sorption coefficients, could be applied for prediction of pharmaceutical mobility in soils with similar soil properties. Predicted sorption coefficients together with pharmaceutical half-lives and other imputes (e.g., soil-hydraulic, geological, hydro-geological, climatic) may be used for assessing potential ground-water contamination. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord

Pharmaceuticals; Ionizable compounds; Soil properties; Sorption isotherms; Pedotransfer rules

Publicerad i

Science of the Total Environment
2015, Volym: 511, sidor: 435-443
Utgivare: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

    UKÄ forskningsämne

    Environmental Sciences

    Publikationens identifierare

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.088

    Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/84672