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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2017

Feline Differential Leukocyte Count with ProCyte Dx: Frequency and Severity of a Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Error and How to Avoid It

Tvedten, H. W.; Andersson, V.; Lilliehook, I. E.

Sammanfattning

Background:Erroneous neutrophil and lymphocyte counts from analysis of feline blood samples were transferred directlyinto the hospital information system from the ProCyte Dx hematology instrument in our after-hours laboratory. Errors usually were not detected by the users. Hypothesis/Objectives:To quantify the frequency and severity of errors associated with the ProCyte Dx analyzer and to identify methods to avoid the errors.Animals: One-hundred six EDTA blood samples routinely submitted from feline hospital patients were analyzed. Methods: ProCyte differential leukocyte counts were compared to 2 reference methods: Advia 2120 hematology instru-ment and manual enumeration. Limits for unacceptable deviation from the reference methods were defined as 18 for % lym-phocytes and 23 for % neutrophils. Results: Fourteen of 106 samples had unacceptable errors for both lymphocytes and neutrophils compared to both reference methods. Median % lymphocytes in those 14 samples were 11.2, 15.0, and 53.0% for Advia, manual, and ProCyte, respectively. Median % neutrophils were 85.4, 81.5, and 34.2% for Advia, manual, and ProCyte, respectively. All errors were avoided by rejecting automated ProCyte differential leukocyte results whenever the dot plot appeared clearly incorrect, but only 9 of these 14 samples had a ProCyte WBC distribution error flag. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Results reported by ProCyte had markedly falsely increased lymphocyte and decreased neutrophil counts in 13% of feline patient samples. Users must reject automated differential leukocyte count resultswhen the WBC dot plot appears overtly incorrect. Rejection based only on ProCyte WBC error flag was insufficient

Nyckelord

Cat; Dot plot; Hematology instrument

Publicerad i

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
2017, Volym: 31, nummer: 6, sidor: 1708 - 1716